It is short for Quality Wine Produced in a Specific Region - Expression with which it has been stated that the wine that boasts the name of this quality is the result of the collection and processing of grapes grown in a defined geographical area, in geographical terms, the specification of the same wine.
The certificate QWPSR, in way, including wines with DOC and DOCG, provides at least two important safeguards: the certainty of good quality and origin by a predetermined territory.
It stands for Denominazione di Origine Controllata: the recognition of DOC regulations provides: the exact demarcation of the geographical area of origin of the harvest of grapes for wine production; the vines; the soil type of cultivation; the yield in wine (to avoid over-exploitation of the vine); production technologies and aging; the characteristics of the finished product (acidity, dry extract, minimum alcohol content, organoleptic characteristics) any qualification of the wine at the time of marketing.
Some DOC wines may also be labeled with additional information such as:
- Classic for wines produced in the oldest tradition (within the area bounded by the disciplinary);
- Reserve for some wines subjected to aging longer than normal;
- Top for wines with better features (thanks to favorable weather patterns vintage that has achieved a higher concentration of sugar and thus a higher alcohol content).
It stands for Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin and is attributed to those wines with DOC recognition that, in addition to special organoleptic qualities, have acquired a particular reputation.
The specification for the DOCG wines
The DOCG is the highest qualification and planned, in addition to meeting all the benchmarks set by the regulations for DOC, DOCG wines undergo a second examination by winemakers and oenologists during bottling (while the DOC controls are carried out each 3 years).
After passing the test they are released to the manufacturer in special seals watermark, printed by the State Printing and released by the Chamber of Commerce or the Consortium bottlers, limited in number according to the amount of hectoliters produced, to be placed on each bottle.
In the case of liquor, the seals are affixed to the cap, so that it can be opened without damage and then to break only when it is opened.
In the case of wines, instead, the seal is placed on the neck of the bottle.
Procedures for the Recognition of the DOC and DOCG
The Community and national legislation provide that to take advantage of Denomination of Controlled Origin wine product companies must submit a request to the Region of belonging to the physico-chemical and organoleptic assessments referred to in Regulation EEC n.823 / 87, you must attach to the request a technical report outlining the natural factors (production area, nature of the soil, exposure, and grape) and human factors (farming systems, pruning, vinification and aging) that characterize this wine.
The Analytical and organoleptic tests should be performed for all batches of wine apt to become DOC and DOCG wines.
It follows that passing exams physico-chemical and organoleptic properties is a prerequisite and required to qualify with the Denomination of Controlled Origin or with Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin each batch of wine that the company wants to commercialize the endorsements.
IGT is a very broad area of production: it describes, in fact, the table wines from major wine regions.
At the designated name can be added to the wine color and the name of the vines.
The IGT can not use the name of the regions or areas used for DOC or DOCG
The vine can be mentioned only when the wine area is of significant size.
Per esempio IGT Lazio It guarantees that the wine comes from grapes grown for 85% in the region of Lazio; also any indication on the label of the grape (eg. Malvasia) ensures that the wine has been made for at least 85% by the above vine.
The use of qualification IGT is, therefore, relative to a typical wine recognized as such by the EU