"Protected Designation of Origin", Better known by the acronym PDO, it is a brand of legal protection of the name which is usually attributed by law to those foods whose peculiar characteristics depend essentially or exclusively from the territory where they are produced.
The geographical environment includes both natural factors (climate, environmental characteristics) and human factors (production techniques handed down over time, craftsmanship, savoir-faire), which, combined together, make this a unique product outside of a certain area productive.
In order for a product is DOP, the stages of production, processing and preparation must take place in a defined geographical area.
Who does DOP products must comply with strict production rules set out in the production regulations, and compliance with these rules is guaranteed by a specific monitoring organization.
The term "Protected Geographical Indication", Better known by the acronym IGP, it indicates a mark of origin is attributed to those agricultural products and foodstuffs for which a given quality, reputation or other characteristic depends on their geographical origin, and whose production, processing and / or preparation takes place in a specific geographical area.
To obtain the PGI therefore, at least one phase of the production process must take place in a particular area.
Those who produce IGP must follow the rigid productive rules established in the production regulations, and compliance with these rules is guaranteed by a specific monitoring organization.
The term "Traditional Speciality Guaranteed", Better known by the acronym STG is a mark of origin introduced by the European community aimed at protecting productions that are characterized by composition or traditional production methods.
This certification, which is governed by the EC Regulation 2082 / 92, unlike other brands as protected designations of origin (PDO) and protected geographical indication (PGI) is aimed at agricultural and food products with a "specific" tied to the production method or composition linked to the tradition of an area, but they are not necessarily produced only in that area.