Il Trentino-Alto Adige (Official name Autonomous Region Trentino-Alto Adige / Südtirol) Is an Italian region with capital Trento.
Following the entry into force of the new statute of autonomy in 1972, the region has largely been ousted and most of the powers transferred directly to the Trentino, which corresponds to the Autonomous Province of Trento and Alto Adige, corresponding to the autonomous province of Bolzano .
Along with the Veneto and Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige is part of the macro area Triveneto.
Along with the Tyrol, Trentino-Alto Adige is part of an association of cross-border cooperation established within the European Union, the Euroregion Tyrol-South Tyrol-Trentino.
The Trentino-Alto Adige is the most northern Italian region and is almost entirely mountainous.
The mountain ranges rise up to elevations of 2700 3900-m.
To the south, the shore of Lake Garda Trentino record altitude of about 70 m
With its 13607 km ² Trentino-Alto Adige is one of the least densely populated regions, far below the national average, ranking fourth from the spot, before the Valle d'Aosta, Basilicata and Sardinia, in the relationship between the number of population and land area.
The entire region is rich in forests of conifers and beeches, streams and flowers, while in other parts there are many meadows and pastures where there is a high percentage of alpine species of herbs and mushrooms, in which the population leads to the pasture cattle.
Considering the topography of the area and the fact that the forests will cover more than 70%, it seems clear, however, that there are considerable differences between the population density of the hinterland (in which, however, occurred depopulation and migration to the town on the main valleys) and the Adige.
The valleys are generally small and narrow, whose slopes are covered with forests.
The only exception is precisely the Adige Valley, of glacial origin.
Its northern part is called Vinschgau, while south of Rovereto Vallagarina it is called to the entrance of the river in little Po Valley north of Verona.
The major cities are located in the Adige Valley Trento and Bolzano.
The Trentino-Alto Adige is bordered to the south and south-east Veneto, north and north-east by the Austrian provinces Tyrol (northern and eastern) and Salzburg, west and south-west of Lombardy, in the north-west Switzerland (canton of Grisons).
Ahr Valley is the valley to the north of Italy and the whole town Predoi the most northerly located between the foot of the valley and the summit of Italy, near the Austrian border.
The region between the central and eastern Alps, while in the south the boundary is bordered by Lake Garda and Veneto's foothills.
To the north of the region, towards the Austrian border, along the line that goes from the Reschenpass to Passo di Monte Croce Comelico, extend the Rhaetian Alps (divided in the Ötztal Alps, Stubai, Zillertal and Pusteresi), which reach their maximum height Ball in White (3738 m).
In the Ahr Valley, the Twin Head West (2911 m above sea level), is 1997 from the northern most tip of the whole country, which previously was considered the summit of Italy.
In the western part of Trentino-Alto Adige rise the Ortler group (with the Ortler, the highest peak of the region, 3902 m asl), Presanella and Adamello-Brenta Dolomites.
Both the Trentino Alto Adige are covered by the western section of the Dolomites (Dolomiti di Sesto, Group Puez, Odle, Schlern, Langkofel, Rosengarten, Marmolada, Sella group, Latemar, Pale di San Martino), while heading south slope in the foothills of the mountain ranges.
In summary, sections and subsections Alpine affecting the region are:
- Western Rhaetian Alps (Alps Münstertal)
- Eastern Rhaetian Alps (Ötztal Alps, Stubai Alps, Alps Sarentine)
- Alps of western Tauern (Zillertal Alps, Hohe Tauern, Alps Pusteresi)
- Southern Rhaetian Alps (Ortler Alps, the Alps of Val di Non, Alps Adamello and Presanella, Western Dolomites)
- Pre-Alp and Gardesane (Prealps Gardesane)
- Dolomites (Dolomiti di Sesto, Braies and d'Ampezzo, Dolomites, Dolomites Gardena, Fassa, Dolomites of Feltre and the Pale di San Martino, Dolomites of Fiemme).
Along with the mountains there are also numerous passages:
Passo Gardena, Passo Nigra, Sella Pass, Stables, Brenner Pass, Passo del Rombo, Passo della Mendola, Passo delle Erbe, Passo delle Palade, Passo Stelvio, Passo Campolongo, Karerpass, Passo di Monte Croce Comelico , Jaufenpass, Passo Pampeago, Passo di Pennes, Reschenpass, Valparola Pass, Passo San Lugano.
The main valleys
- Val d'Adige: Val Passiria, Val d'Ultimo, Val di Fassa, Val Rendena, Val di Sole, Val di Non
- Eisacktal: Val di Tires, Val Gardena, Val Ridanna, Val Sarentino, Val d'Ega, Val di Vizze, Val Racines, Val di Giovo, Val di Fleres
- Val Pusteria: Val di Tures, Valle Aurina, Val Badia, Valle di Casies, Val Fiscalina, Valle di Anterselva, Val di Landro, Valle di Braies
- Val Venosta: Val Monastero, Val Martello, Val di Senales
The Trentino-Alto Adige region is rich in water courses (among the largest: the Adige river with tributaries Passer Isarco with his tax Rienza, Walnut and Avisio, Brenta, the Sarca and Chiese).
In Trentino covers the extreme northern tip of Lake Garda, which is divided between Trentino, Veneto and Lombardy.
There are numerous alpine lakes, often of small size.
Among the most important:
Caldonazzo lake, Lake Ledro, Lake Levico Lake Molveno Tovel Lake and Lake of the CEI.
Among the largest artificial lakes is Lake Santa Giustina.
In South Tyrol there are 176 natural water basins with a length greater than or equal to 100 meters.
Most of these basins are located at altitudes above 2000 m.
Natural lakes with an area greater than 5 13 hectares: of these, only three (the Kalterersee, and the two lakes Montiggler) are located below the 1000 m.
The remaining 10 major lakes are Lake Anterselva, Braies lake, Lake Carezza, Costalovara the lake, the lake of Dobbiaco, Favogna Lake, Lake of Fie, the Saint Mary Lake, Lake St. Valentino alla Muta, Landro Lake and Lake Varna.
There are also artificial lakes, some of which size worthy of note.
Among the most important we remember the Reschensee, Lake Hoof, Lake Fortress Lake Mühlbach and Lake Olang.
The Trentino-Alto Adige in the course of history has gone under different rules, each of which has left its mark.
Among the most famous castles of the Middle Ages there Tyrol Castle, Roncolo Castle and the Castle of Buonconsiglio Trento.
Here are some of the most important castles, divided into two provinces.
Castles in the Province of Bolzano
Castle Tyrol - Taufers Castle - Castel Greifenstein - Sonnenburg - Castel Roncolo - Castel Monteleone - Tor Castle - Castle Forest - Wolfsthurn Castle - Castel del Gatto - Trauttmansdorff Castle - Castel Verruca - Castel Rubein - Castel Coira - Castel Tasso - Boymont - Castelfeder - Trostburg - Castel Giovo
Castles in the Province of Trento
Buonconsiglio Castle - Castle of Castellano - Castello di Rovereto - Castello della Torre Franca - Sabbionara Castle - Castel Toblino - Castel Beseno - Arco Castle - Castel Pietra (Callander) - Castello di Monreale - Castel Thun - Castel Pergine - Castel Telvana - Castellalto - Castelfondo - Castel Corno - Castel Ivano - Selva Castle - Castle Tenno - Castel Fontana, became 1974 in the agricultural museum Brunnenburg (Landwirtschaftsmuseum Brunnenburg), illustrates the customs and ways of working of the local farmers.
Under the Austro-Hungarian Empire were built several forts, including Fort Fortress (where according to legend, the Nazis would have hidden a huge amount of gold ever found).
In addition to the castles and fortresses in the provinces there are several churches, abbeys and monasteries, including the Abbey of Monte Maria Neustift Abbey and the Monastery of Sabiona.
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