Il Piedmont (Piemont in Piedmontese) is a Northwestern region of Italy with Italian capital Turin.
The western and northern borders of Piedmont are occupied entirely by the Alps, which in the Piedmont section are divided, from south to north and clockwise in the Maritime Alps, Cottian, Graie and Pennine up to the west of Lake Maggiore (shared costs with Lombardy to the east and north Switzerland).
The Piedmont Alps count some of the most imporant Alpine peaks, including Mount Rosa, Gran Paradiso (the top of which is otherwise in Val d'Aosta) and the Monte Viso, the source of the River Po.
The region's interest in winter tourism is assured by internationally renowned ski resorts, many of which hosted the 2006 Winter Olympic Games. Of particular importance are also the naturalistic and historical-cultural attractions, which make the alpine environment a destination suitable for all seasons: the Piedmontese alpine arc hosts, among others, the Alpi Marittine Natural Park (Cuneo) and the Gran Paradiso (Turin), as well as some of the most important monuments of the history of art and world architecture, such as the Sacra di San Michele, overlooking the Val di Susa, and the Sacro Monte di Varallo, Not far from Lake Orta.
The Alpine region of Piedmont section also hosts important steps and crossings to France, as E74 path of "Col di Tenda" and E70 Frejus, at the bottom of the Val di Susa.
Territories and alpine valleys, from south to north
- Po Valley - In the foothills of Monviso.
In the Municipality of Crissolo it is located the source of the Po River
- Val di Susa - Its most famous center is Sestriere, a ski resort operating from the 1934.
Bardonecchia is located in the upper section of the valley, near the border with France.
The Valley is built around the center of Susa, located at the confluence of two major mountain passes in communications between Italy and France, near Mont Cenis and as far away Montgenevre, in the Middle Ages transit locations of the Via Francigena.
In the following centuries here they have crossed popes, princes, merchants, armies and travelers of the "Grand Tour".
Remarkable in the Susa Valley is the heritage of castles and fortifications, but also abbeys (Sacra di San Michele, Novalesa, San Giusto di Susa, St. Anthony of Ranverso), as frescoed churches and chapels.
- Lanzo - Three valleys of the Grays Alps are a destination for holidaymakers at the beginning of the 900 but today much less frequented by the lack of skiing facilities.
- Valle Orco - Also called Valle di Locana or Valle di Ceresole, winds on the southern side of Gran Paradiso.
- Canavese - The territory between Turin and Valle d'Aosta. Ivrea is its main center.
- Biella -
- Valsesia - From the extremely green landscapes dominated by the hill of Monte Rosa, Valsesia offers the possibility of skiing at the Alagna Valsesia station and to go back to the course of its canoeing rivers,
- Val d'Ossola - Extensive valley run by the River Toce bathing Domodossola.
Among its many side valleys should be mentioned:
- Anzasca - It grows up to the eastern slopes of Monte Rosa
- Valle Antrona - With the lake of the same name
- Val Divedro - With the step of the Simplon that connects it with the Valais
- Valle Antigorio-Formazza - Valley dug by the Toce, natural continuation of Ossola towards the North. It represents the northern summit of the regional territory.
- Val Vigezzo - The east side valley also known as the Valley of Painters. It continues in Canton Ticino under the name Centovalli
- Lake Orta - Prealpine lake shared by the provinces of Novara and Verbano-Cusio-Ossola
- Lake Maggiore - Piedmont is the western shore of Lake Maggiore. The most popular resorts are Stresa, Arona, Verbania, Pallanza
- Cuneesi valleys - these valleys (Varaita, Maira, Grana, Stura, Gesso, Vermenagna, Ellero, Pesio and Tanaro) offer a great artistic and environmental heritage thanks to the well-preserved medieval townships, ancient churches and castles, natural reserves and parks To itineraries and thematic trails.
The area includes a large section of the southern Piedmont and extends from the eastern part of the province of Cuneo to the south-west of the province of Alexandria.
From west to east, the hilly Piedmont area includes the territories of the Langhe, Roero and Monferrato.
hilly territory, the Monferrato extends south of the Po to the northern slopes of the Ligurian Apennines.
It is an eminently wine region, famous for the production of red wines such as Barbera, Dolcetto, Grignolino, Freisa and Ruché, and white dessert as Moscato, Asti, Malvasia and Brachetto.
The secular culture of the vine has left an indelible imprint on the surface, with large extensions of vineyards interspersed with hazelnut trees, wheat fields and woods, is in the vaults, with infernotti Basso Monferrato and "Underground Cathedrals", large cellars scoriche area of Nizza Monferrato and Canelli.
The recognition of the wine delightful natural Monferrato as World Heritage has greatly increased the presence of the UNESCO logo in the area, already allocated to the "Sacro Monte di Crea" in 2003.
To the west of Monferrato, the Langhe are distinguished also for the production of fine wines, such as Barolo and Barbaresco.
Equally famous is the white truffle of Alba, considered the "capital" of the Langhe.
The Langhe can be divided on the basis of natural and man-made, in three sub-regions: the Lower Langa, Alta Langa and Langa Astigiana
From Alba, located in the Tanaro Valley, the Lower Langa hills are characterized, even more strongly than in Monferrato, the monoculture of the vine.
Alta Langa and Asti Langa, very steep and rugged, leave more space to the hazel groves and woods, as well as livestock, which in Langa produced a cheese tradition of excellence.
Even the architecture adapts to the environment, replacing the towns and castles of the Bassa Langa, Monferrato and Roero with medieval lookout towers.
The southern end of the Langhe reaches mountainous heights (over 800 m) and encroaches appenine Ligurian.
The Langhe landscape was inscribed in the UNESCO Heritage in 2014.
Third region included in the UNESCO resolution Doha in June 2014, Roero occupies the northeastern part of the province of Cuneo, in the north of the valley of the Tanaro.
From a landscape point of view, the Roero is distinguished by the sweetness of the hills and the combination of vineyards and elegant castles clearly distinguishable on the hilly profile.
The main wine production is that of the white Roero Arneis.
The main urban centers in the area have Bra, Alba, Canelli, Nizza Monferrato, Asti and Casale Monferrato.
The Apennines of Piedmont section extends in the southern part of the province of Alexandria.
The Erro and Scrivia valleys constitute the backbone.
Acqui Terme and Ovada are the main access points to the region, which in its southern part borders on the province of Genoa.
Po valley, Piedmont
Novara and Vercelli in the north of the Po, Alessandria, Casale Monferrato and Tortona south of the river are the main cities of the Piedmont plain.
To the west and north of Piedmont it is surrounded by the Alps, to south by, east of the Po valley.
What to see
- Roman times - Porta Palatina and Via XX Settembre in Turin. Libarna excavations at Serravalle Scrivia. Excavations of Augusta Bagiennorum in Cuneo.
- Romanesque art - The Romanesque is well documented in Piedmont. Duomo di Casale Monferrato.
Church of St. George in Valperga and those of St. Bartholomew and the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin in Villadossola.
Astigiano Vezzolano Abbey, Pieve di San Lorenzo in Montiglio Monferrato, the church of Saints Nazario and Celso around Montechiaro and the church of San Secondo in Cortazzone.
The most striking examples are the Abbey of Saints Nazario and Celso in the Novarese and the Basilica of San Giulio on the homonymous island in Lake Orta.
Sacra di San Michele transition from Romanesque to Gothic, and the same is true of the Gabiano Castle.
- Gothic art - Gothic examples include the cathedral of Asti, the basilica of Sant'Andrea in Vercelli, the cathedral of Chieri, the church of San Giovanni a Saluzzo and those of St. Mark and Santa Maria delle Grazie in Varallo.
The abbey of St. Anthony of Ranverso presents frescoes by Giacomo Jaquerio
- XV - XVI - Examples of Renaissance architecture are Castello di San Genuario in Crescentino in Vercellese and the church of San Cristoforo in Vercelli
- Centuries XVII - XVIII - Borromeo Palace on the Isola Bella (Lake Maggiore).
Rococo examples are the Venaria Reale Royal Palace.
- XIX - XX centuries - The cathedrals of Novara and Alessandria are examples of neoclassicism along with the Royal Castle of Racconigi.
What to do
Piedmont offers a varied tourist landscape, with a territory that has great wealth of opportunity & agrave ;.
Very popular in the spring / summer is the lake area on the eastern border of the region, where there is an established hotel district.
winter sports and mountain
For winter sports is the area near the west border, in Valle di Susa and Val Chisone in addition to some famous ski resorts also in Cuneo (Limone Piemonte, Artesina).
There are practiced all sports of snow in winter, while in summer the lifts allow easy accessibility to the outstanding alpine views.
Food & wine
Langhe, Monferrato and Saluzzo area are home to the "sweetness of life", with many farms that give way to appreciate the region of great agricultural wealth.
Even areas of oldest tourist array are equipped to cope with an increasing demand of high quality eno-gastronomic.
The regional capital, Turin, is also becoming a showcase of Piedmont. Establishing itself as "the capital of taste," is enhancing the gastronomic heritage of the region thanks to numerous professionals and the role played by Salone del Gusto and from Terra Madre.
Not surprisingly, the city has seen the opening of the first EatalyBut also of innovative initiatives in the field of fast food tied to local products.
The city of Turin is characterized in recent years for the rediscovery of a great historical and artistic heritage due to its rank of European court between '600 and' 800.
Marked in the center by an urban form highly ordered and curated by architectural point of view, similar to some cities of the neighboring France, where visitors can see important museums born from the collections of the Savoy royal family, such as Egyptian museum Royal Armoury Royal library and Savoy GalleryAs well as palaces and stately homes.
The city is surrounded by a circle of baroque royal residences were built by the Savoy between '600 and' 800, grouped today in the tourist circuit of the "Royal residences."
Also important are the vestiges of the industrial past that has always made the city a place of innovation and a pioneer in many fields.
Witness the National Auto Museum, Near the former Fiat Lingotto factory and National Museum of Cinema housed in the Mole Antonelliana.
In the sports field, considerable success has registered the Juventus Museum.
The Susa Valley has a great historical and artistic heritage due to the presence of the Via Francigena, with four great medieval abbeys and a network of artistic heritage scattered churches and chapels of the area, both in Low or High Susa Valley.
There are many opportunities for walking and hiking.
Thanks to an early practice of Alpine tourism, almost all the mountains of Piedmont are not only a network of walking paths and trails, but also numerous useful as shelters-stage points.
Very popular are the structures around Mount Viso, in the Val di Susa, in the Lanzo Valleys, in Ceresole, on the Piedmont side of Gran Paradiso Park and in the Monte Rosa area.
The Col du Mont Cenis, the Monginevro and the bottom of the Val di Susa is a place of transit for pilgrims on the Via Francigena of Susa Valley, while Eporediese and Canavese are home to the itineraries of the Aosta Valley stretch of the Via Francigena.
Along the way you can admire the many monuments of art and faith erected by pilgrims over the centuries they have passed in these areas.
At the table
The rural tradition has left its influence on Piedmontese cuisine.
Il Mixed boiled and the Fritto Misto They are traditional dishes of ancient tradition.
The Mixed Boiled consists of various cuts of beef and pork, boiled with vegetables and served with a choice of sauces (typical bathing green made with parsley and garlic).
The Fritto Misto is a mixture of vegetables, meats and sweets, variously battered or breaded before being fried (eg, sweet semolina).
Another traditional dish is the Bagna cauda: Consists of a sauce made of garlic and anchovies, cooked long on very low heat, which is served with a variety of raw and cooked vegetables (eg. Raw cabbage, cooked baked onion and blanched peppers).
Typical of Vercelli dish is Panissa, which is a type of risotto consists of Arborio rice varieties, or Maratelli Baldo, the typical quality beans cultivated in Saluggia, onion, red wine Barbera, lard, "salam d'la duja", salt and pepper.
Turin has been the focus of chocolate spread across Europe; in its pastries are excellent chocolates (eg. Gianduiotto, chocolate hazelnut, or bitter chocolate Grappino brandy filling).
In Ivrea you can also find the 900 cake, sweet with a base pan of Spain cocoa, stuffed with a delicate chocolate cream.
Piedmont is famous for its red wines, Barolo and Barbaresco, but also: Nebbiolo, Dolcetto, Arneis, Freisa, Moscato d'Asti and Erbaluce of Caluso are rightly gaining the appreciation of wine lovers.
To be appointed certainly Gavi, one of the best Italian whites.
Most of the vineyards are in the provinces of Asti and Alessandria, but throughout the region flourishes viticulture.
How to get:
- By plane
» Sandro Pertini Airport of Turin Caselle: it is the principal of Piedmont.
Located at 16 km north of Turin, it is connected to the city by the Turin-Caselle motorway junction and the 2 provincial road and is served by a public bus between Torino Porta Nuova and Caselle Aeroporto and Turin-Ceres railway.
» of Cuneo International Airport: Located in 21 km north-east of the city of Cuneo, is connected to the train station and that of Savigliano Fossano and is serviced by Airbus from Turin, Cuneo and Fossano and the highway Torino-Savona.
- By car
» from France:
Through the Frejus and Mont Blanc tunnel,
Through the Colle della Maddalena (Col du Larche)
Through Ventimiglia or Tenda Pass.
» from Switzerland:
or via the Simplon tunnel Gran San Bernardo.
through A4 highways Torino - Trieste, A21 Torino - Piacenza, A6 Torino - Savona, A5 Torino - Aosta - Monte Bianco.
- On the train
» from France:
directly to Turin from Lyon through the Frejus Tunnel.
» from Switzerland:
Text taken from:
- Wikipedia (Creative Commons)