Venice (Veneto - Italy)
Tourist area Venetian Riviera
Venice 261.905 is a common coastal inhabitants, located 2 meters above sea level in the homonymous province, its territory covers an area of 415,90 sq km.
Venice, the city on the water, the winged lion, the film festival, the "Biennale", the Angel's flight ... lights and colors of the "Serenissima"
Venice It is an Italian town, the capital of the metropolitan city and the Veneto region.
It is the first municipality in the region by population and area.
With his valuable buildings, the municipal architecture, religious symbols, with its pomp and ingenuity, with its typical and delicacy, Venice never ceases to cause wonder and admiration.
The city is crossed by dozens of busy channels from boats and gondolas, finely woven from a tangle of narrow streets, alleys, punctuated by the opening of marvelous squares, fields, on which paved have big moves personality and the most beautiful Rich in history.
St. Mark's Square and the Grand Canal they are still the silent custodians of this inestimable treasure on the water, symbols of the perfect synthesis between man, nature and absolute magnificence.
Il town of Venice it includes both island and mainland territories and is organized around the two distinct centers of Venice (in the center of the homonymous lagoon) and of Mestre (in the mainland).
La City of Venice has been for more than a millennium capital of the Republic of Venice, and known in this regard as the "Serene", The" Dominant "and the" Queen of the Adriatic ".
Due to its urban features and its artistic heritage, Venice is universally considered one of the most beautiful cities in the world and is counted, together with its lagoon, among the Italian sites World Heritage Site by UNESCO: this factor has contributed to making it the third Italian city (after Rome and Milan) with the highest tourist flow, mostly coming from outside Italy.
The territory of the municipality of Venice is administratively divided into six municipalities and has sharply divided the two realities of the island Venice (old town and islands) and the mainland.
Il the historic center of Venice stands in the middle of the homonymous lagoon on a total of one hundred and eighteen islets, consolidated over the centuries thanks to wooden piling, which allowed the urbanization.
Some of these islands are gathered in organic groups with each other while others are more dispersed.
118 the islets are separated by canals and connected by bridges to pedestrian use.
The total extension of the old town, excluding internal waters, and the major islands, is equal to 797,96 hectares, making it one of the largest historical centers in Italy and Europe.
Calculating the extension of the entire I Municipality, thus including the islands of the Lagoon such as Murano e Burano, the total area of island Venice amounts to 1688,91 hectares, excluding inland waters.
The historical part of the city is traditionally divided into six districts:
- Santa Croce
- San Polo
- Saint Mark
I "sestieri" of the ancient city they are articulated around the double loop of the Grand Canal, the main waterway from which runs a dense network of around 158 minor canals.
After World War II were built many new areas in the island of Venice.
The neighborhood of new construction is Fisola bag, The new island of the "Tronchetto" (with 17 hectares of underground lagoon), the air Saffa a Cannaregio etc. ..
In the lagoon around the old town are built many islands (some uninhabited today).
Among the major islands (which are also part of the municipality) are mentioned Murano, Burano celebrated respectively for the processing of glass and lace, Torcello, Erasmo, Pellestrina and the long thin one Lido Island with its bathing facilities.
On the mainland there are the two large centers of Mestre e Marghera, in addition to other minor hamlets.
These centers have had a big development after the Second World War, as an outlet for the Venice building expansion, which did not have building space in the surrounding lagoon, and therefore have the appearance of modern cities.
In the mainland, there are nearly two-thirds of the population of the municipality.
The magical infinity Venice tour carries the ancient name of Republic of Venice, begins in the heart of the city, in the unique setting of St. Mark's Square, the Venetian living room, the place of the most important cultural and social events, like the spectacular and historic Carnival, is the emblem of the unique architectural and decorative style of Venice, the so-called "Venetian Gothic", with its unique colors and shapes, is a perfect blend of oriental atmosphere and European lines.
La St. Mark's Basilica with its bell tower it dominates the whole square.
John Ruskin states: "The effect of San Marco derives not only from the delicacy of the sculptures, but also from its colors, which are as thin as glass, transparent alabaster, polished marble and gold".
From the bell tower we can enjoy a fascinating and panoramic view of the city.
Overlooking the square is the Gothic Ducal Palace, seat of the Doges, highest authority during the Republic of Venice.
The building of the New Prisons dates back to the 1600, it is connected to the Ducal Palace from the picturesque Bridge of Sighs, so called because it was crossed by prisoners before the execution, and today is considered one of the most romantic places from which to admire the typical "gondola"that move along the numerous Venetian waterways.
The show of art and history offered by Venice continues among streets, bridges and canals, but also with its people, its lights, the atmosphere sometimes foggy, sometimes sunny, a bright world of shapes, colors and sounds that, like his famous masks, he shows the many faces of a city, forever in the collective imagination of every time and place.
From the historical Rialto Bridge on Grand Canal al Bridge of the three arches Ca 'd'Oro, Ca 'Rezzonico e Ca 'Corner of the Queen, theaters like the historian Teatro La Fenice, or the Stable theater of the Veneto Carlo Goldoni which takes its name from the famous Venetian citizen, whose works represent the typical goliardic spirit of the Venetians.
Venice has a large number of art galleries, museums and palaces, custodians of a rich heritage such as the sixteenth century Patriarchal Palace, Museum of Eighteenth Century Venice guest a Ca 'Rezzonico it is a milestone to follow in the footsteps of Tintoretto, Galleries of the Academy of Venice and the Peggy Guggenheim Museum: a rich collection of modern art, the result of the passion of the eccentric American heiress Peggy Guggenheim who lived in Venice from the years 40 to the 70 years.
Il Guggenheim Museum is based in Palazzo Venier dei Leoni on Grand Canal and has a very representative repertoire of the most important avant-gardes of the twentieth century, such as Cubism, Futurism and Surrealism, with masterpieces created by Umberto Boccioni, Giorgio de Chirico, Piet Mondrian and Vasily Kandinsky.
In Castello district, east of the city, we reach the Arsenal complex with its two watchtowers surmounted by lions; it was very active and very important in the European shipyard, about 16.000 workers built two warships every day.
Appointment in Venice
Venice it's not just one art City which shows the splendor of its magnificent and noble past, but is an active center of contemporary experimentation on the world scene of art and culture.
Between permanent and temporary exhibitions held in the city, the art of Biennial it is expressed here in different forms of expression, and attracts artists, architects, designers, directors, actors, stars and stars from all over the world.
The appointment with the exhibition "Biennial"becomes a International Contemporary Meeting of Art in the even years and the International Architecture Exhibition in odd years, renewed by the first 1895 exhibition.
Il International Film Festival it is open every year between August and September.
Il Venice Lido has become a fashion destination for big stars and directors hunting for Golden Lion for the best film e Coppa Volpi for the best actor.
Il Venice Carnival is finally an obligatory event, remember the luxury of the Venice of 1700, every year the "flying angel" from the St Mark's Campanile al Ducal Palace the second Saturday of the Christmas holidays, marks the beginning of the party.
The spectacular masks and artistic costumes parade through the narrow streets and bridges of the city, to continue the party in the historical buildings, in the exclusive gala dinners.
Sky, earth and lagoon
Those who choose Venice for its superb landscapes, waterways, lands from the lagoon, can enjoy the city tour to discover the beautiful islands of the lagoon.
The journey begins in the south of the city, in the network of islands and strips of land, which characterize the lagoon landscape, the Giudecca, called "Spinalonga" because of the herringbone form, once an industrial island; The emblematic Molino Stucky, do not miss the Church of the Redeemer, elegant shapes, opaera of the Palladio.
North of Venice is the island of Murano, manufactory of glass art, secular tradition unique in the world, the works are exhibited in the Glass Museum, in the historical Palazzo Giustiniani, in which the precious is preserved Barovier Cup, in blue glass, dating back to the fifteenth century.
A walk is essential for the "calli" of the island, browsing the shops in search of the precious creations in colored glass.
To the north, visitors can visit Burano, an ancient island of maritime tradition, characterized by the strong colors with which the outer walls of the houses are painted, alternating turquoise, yellow, green and red, which perhaps served as a guide for fishermen, when they return from fishing.
From the Terranova bridge we can see the "Storto Campanile", so named for its inclination caused by the subsidence of the ground.
The island Torcello it is almost surreal for its special atmosphere, once the most active center of the lagoon, now almost uninhabited, with an unexpected charm.
How to get
- By plane
- Venice Airport "Marco Polo" VCE (at 12 km from the city)
Continental and intercontinental flights
It is well connected to the city and to the Venice-Mestre railway station by land and sea transport.
- TSF Treviso Airport "Antonio Canova" (at 30 km from the city)
It is very well connected by shuttle bus or through the highway.
- with train
- "Santa Lucia" Venice Station (city center)
From the station any part of the city can be reached by walking or by boat
- Venice - Mestre Station
- by car
Venice is easily reachable by car through motorway links (A4 from Trieste and Turin, A27 from Belluno, A13 from Bologna) and road (SS309 Romea from the Adriatic coast, SS14 from Tireste, SS13 from Treviso, SS11 from Padova).
Once you reach the lagoon, take the Liberty Bridge that connects the mainland to Venice.
The directions to Venice lead to Piazzale Roma, the most extreme point which can be accessed by car. Here you need to park your vehicle.
The alternative is the large car park on the island of Tronchetto, reachable by turning right after crossing the bridge.
From Tronchetto you get to Venice in a few minutes, with the vaporetto or with the brand new "People Mover", which operates a shuttle service to Piazzale Roma.
Another possibility is to leave the car in Mestre - both at the parking lots located near the entrance of the Liberty Bridge and near the Mestre Railway Station - and reach Venice by public transport, both bus and train.
- for ship
From the Venice Maritime Station, you can easily reach the Historic Center with the service of private motorboats called Alilaguna, which make a shuttle between the Maritime Station and San Marco.
Schedules can be consulted on the Alilaguna website (www.alilaguna.com).
move to Venice
In Venice we can move with water buses and taxis.
- Vaporetti Line 1 (Grand Canal)
- Vaporetti 2 Line (City Tour)
Taxis are located at all strategic points: Piazzale Roma, Rialto, at Santa Lucia station, in Piazza San Marco, near the main museums and prestigious hotels.
Text taken from:
- Wikipedia (Creative Commons)
- tourist brochures