Tourist area Venetian Riviera
Chioggia (Venetian Riviera) is a coastal municipality of 49.650 inhabitants, located at 2 meters above sea level Metropolitan City of Venice, Its territory covers an area of 185,20 sq. km.
Chioggia is a town in the province of Venice in the Veneto.
It is the seventh most populous town in the Veneto region and the first among the common non-capital.
The town of Chioggia is located on a small peninsular area Adriatic between Venice Lagoon and the Po Delta, about halfway between Venice and Ferrara, and about 50 km from Padua and Rovigo, with the provinces where the common borders directly.
The historic center of the city lies at the southern end of the lagoon, about a group of small islands separated by canals and connected by bridges.
Unlike Venice, most of the area is passable by cars and public transport.
With the nearby Submarine, located in the stretch of land that separates the lagoon from the sea, form a single urban center thanks to the creation of the Union of the Island and its namesake bridge that crosses the lagoon Lusenzo.
The rest of the town is located inland and goes to understand the mouths of the Brenta and Adige, with numerous other smaller rivers and canals, to the south and the coast to the interior lagoon Valley Millecampi Northwest Chioggia.
Relevant is also the presence of the natural reserve Bosco Nordio between the two villages of Sant'Anna and Cavanella d'Adige, which provides a rare example of what was the high spot of the Adriatic coast that in ancient times distinguished most of the territory of the whole the Gulf of Venice.
As for the seismic risk, Chioggia is classified in the area 4, or very low risk.
Chioggia is also affected by tidal surges particularly pronounced (known around the world with the term High water) that occur with particular intensity in the Venice lagoon, which cause flooding in urban areas.
Generally when the phenomenon of high hits Venice, Chioggia follows the same fate, but did not bring about a significant impact on the media, but with the same negative consequences in homes, buildings and businesses.
The phenomenon of high water is faced with a specific protocol designed to prevent the negative effects arising from the same phenomenon: the waters are constantly monitored by the Tides Center of the City of Venice who coordinates the warning system base characterized by the alarm sound type electromechanical, its sound signals a tide than 110 cm; warns the possible repetition of a prediction than 140 + cm and a third repetition is associated with the prediction of exceeding quota 160 + cm.
The defense system to the high waters provides an installation service catwalks as happens in Venice, the service follows a precise protocol that determines paths raised in relation to the height of the tide.
The phenomenon is also fronted by the Baby Moses, consisting of movable bulkheads located in the channels of access to the city in order to prevent the tides incurred to flood the center of the City, excluding exceptional high waters that will be faced by the MOSE, work still under of construction.
The historic center of Chioggia, when viewed from above, appears in the shape of fish bone.
The city is known as Little Venice for the urban characteristics of the old town very similar to that of Venice, the Venetian capital to which the city is connected.
A Chioggia - sort of island connected to the mainland by a few streets - are present, then, like Venice, narrow streets and canals.
The main - from the point of view of tourism, for the typicality of the palaces and churches that face - is quoted Canal Vena crossed by nine bridges, in many ways similar to those found in Venice.
The most impressive is the Ponte Vigo which closes the channel close to the lagoon leading to the square of the same name in front of the station of the boats headed to Pellestrina and in which stands a tall column topped by the Lion of St. Mark, the symbol of pride Venetian but ironically called by the Venetians el gato (the cat) because of size much smaller than those of the lion of Venice, because of strong arguments, the famous "Barney", between Venice and Chioggia, the latter considering themselves offended by the contempt that this appellation preclude.
The other channels that cross or enclose perpendicularly Chioggia are Lusenzo Canal, south, the Canal Lombardo, west, and the Canal St. Dominic, in the east.
The outer part of the city is called Riva Mare although not actually faces the lagoon; the name comes from its protruding position, in fact, towards the sea.
The main asset and source of development is fishing that makes Chioggia one of the most important seaports of the Adriatic.
Another source of income for the city is given by the agricultural production of radicchio (Rosa di Chioggia).
Important is the port activity, thanks to the railway connection (dedicated line Verona-Rovigo-Adria-Chioggia) can give valuable support to exchange goods; 2005 summer thanks to the port ferry service also becomes passenger terminal with routes to Croatia in Split, to transport not only of goods but also of people and cars.
Other minor forms of income in the city of Chioggia are given by the industries of textile, wood and the manifold presence of small shipyards (commonly called by the locals "dry docks"), which deal with the construction and repair of fishing vessels and boats wood.
In Chioggia, more specifically in the villages of Submarine and Isolaverde, there is a lido.
The beach of Sottomarina extends from the mouth of the port of Chioggia, to the mouth of the river Brenta, while the beach Isolaverde stretches from the mouth of the River Brenta to the mouth of the river Adige.
All along the beach there are renowned beaches, which are an economic resource for the city.
The beach is accessible via the Lungomare Adriatico, a long path that allows you to go from Mediterranean Avenue to the beach resorts and inland.
No less important is cultural tourism.
An important page in the history of the city took place during the so-called war of Chioggia (evoked in the Palio of Marciliana), the latest clash between the Republic of Genoa and the Venetian Republic.
In 1379 the city fell into the hands of Genoa, only to be recaptured by the intervention in the Venetian 1380.
1438 was founded in what is considered the first shipyard in the world, the Shipyard Camuffo, then transferred in 1840 in Portogruaro.
Chioggia was part of the Republic of Venice until 1797, when it fell to the troops of Napoleon Bonaparte.
In 1812 Domenico Poli founded in Chioggia Shipyard Poli.
Following the Treaty of Campo Formio, in 1798, the city was taken over by Austria, under whose sovereignty remained except for a brief period when the French took over again, until 1866, when Chioggia was annexed to the nascent State Italian at the end of the third war of independence, when, despite the military defeats suffered by Italian forces, with the notable exception of the formations Garibaldi, thanks to the alliance with Prussia, the Austrian government was forced to cede the Veneto and part of today Northeast Italy.
During World War II risked carpet bombing by allied aviation.
Only thanks to the revolt of citizens nazifascisti surrendered and 27 April 1945 the city was liberated by Allied forces.
The Italian text is taken from:
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