Perugia (Umbria - Italy)
Perugia is a common part of the mountain 166.676 inhabitants, located 493 meters above sea level in the homonymous province, its territory covers an area of 449,90 sq km.
Capital of the Umbria region, in the heart of the Green Heart of Italy, Perugia is 176 km from Rome and 158 km from Florence.
A1 along the highway, from north (Milan Bologna Florence), exit at Bettolle Valdichiana and, along the lake Trasimeno, you arrive in town.
From the South (Rome), exit at Orte.
Coming from the north-east (Brenner-Venice), take the E45 to Perugia.
Traveling by train from Milan-Florence-Rome or Ancona, get off in Terontola, Chiusi or Foligno.
The Regional Airport of Sant'Egidio Umbro, in 12 km from Perugia, operates daily connections with the north Italian and other European cities.
- Piazza IV Novembre:
physical and moral center of the city where there are the main monuments: the Palazzo dei Priori, the Cathedral of San Lorenzo, and other important buildings. In the center, the Fontana Maggiore.
- Cultural City:
for the presence of historical universities - The University of Perugia, the Italian University for Foreigners, the Academy of Music, the Academy of Fine Arts "Pietro Vannucci".
- Art City:
for its many museums, including the National Gallery - greater Umbria museum collection - and the National Archaeological Museum of Umbria.
- City of Tradition:
between past and present: the past remain numerous testimonies excelled: Etruscan, Roman, Medieval (to name a few monuments: the Etruscan Arch - the Volumni Hypogeum - the Rocca Paolina ...) of great interest in the Management Centre Fontivegge built on a design architect Aldo Rossi, the various systems of escalators and minimetrò that connects the historic center to the car parks and the suburbs, all realities that make a modern city of Perugia.
During the year there are held international events such as music festivals Umbria Jazz and Sagra Musicale Umbra.
The city is also the capital of chocolate, with the Historical Museum of Perugina and the international exhibition on Eurochocolate chocolate.
Perugia is surrounded by centers that define minor is permissible only if it refers to the size. Assisi, Todi, Spoleto, Citta di Castello, Citta della Pieve, Gubbio, to name the most famous, and yet Trevi, Spello, Montefalco and many other (about 800 villages).
All are cities of great interest, and the territory that unites the capital with the smaller towns is among the most beautiful in Italy.
From the gentle and temperate hills surrounding the lake Trasimeno, the austere beauty of the Nera Valley, passing through the lush plain of the Upper Tiber Valley, the landscape changes, offering new, pleasant surprises
Things to see in the old town:
- Etruscan Arch or of Augustus, gate of the ancient Etruscan walls of which are visible traits important (III century BC.).
- Porta Marzia (third century BC.), Depending on Etruscan monumental gate, incorporated into the front of the bastion of the Rocca Paolina. Rocca Paolina, the remains of the ancient fortress built by Pope Paul III in 1540.
- Fontana Maggiore (1275 - 1277) of Fra Bevignate from Perugia with bas-reliefs by Nicola and Giovanni Pisano.
- Etruscan Well or Sorbello well (III century BC.).
- Cathedral of San Lorenzo (XIV-XV sec.) With valuable paintings and sculptures.
- The Church of Jesus (XVI sec.) With a wonderful carved and gilded ceiling.
- Church of San Pietro (X sec.).
- Basilica of San Domenico (XIII sec.).
- Oratorio di San Bernardino (XV cent.).
- Church of San Francesco al Prato (XIII sec.).
- Church of St. Philip Blacks (XVII sec.).
- Church of San Severo with frescoes by Perugino and Raphael.
- Palazzo dei Priori (XIII-XV cent.).
It houses the Town Hall and the National Gallery.
The impressive architectural complex was the old exchange (corporation of arts and crafts of Perugia), and the legislative functions of the priors.
The Audience Hall of the Exchange, rectangular and covered with pointed vaults, the walls are decorated with wonderful frescoes by Perugino, considered the artist's masterpiece.
In the Chapel of St. John the Baptist, there are frescoes of the sixteenth century.
While in the Sala dei Notari, Perugia ancient seat of notaries are paintings attributed to Pietro Cavallini and his school.
The National Gallery hosts memorable artistic works from the thirteenth to the eighteenth century.
Do not miss the paintings of Piero della Francesca, Benozzo Gozzoli, Beato Angelico, Pinturicchio, Perugino.
Nearby Perugia to visit:
- the Hypogeum of the Volumni (III-I century BC.) in Ponte San Giovanni
- the tomb and some frescoes by Pietro Vannucci known as Il Perugino in the locality Fontignano
- Etruscan tomb of San Manno (III sec. BC) in the Horseshoe.