Assisi (Umbria - Italy)
Assisi is a totally mountain municipality of 28.379 inhabitants, located at 424 meters above sea level in the Province of Perugia, Its territory covers an area of 187,19 sq. km.
Assisi It is an Italian town of province of Perugia, in Umbria.
She is known for being the city where they were born, they lived and died in St. Francis, patron saint of Italy and St. Clare.
religious, artistic, cultural and historical center of world importance.
It is the City of San Francisco, Patron saint of Italy, and universally recognized symbol of world peace.
Located on the sunny side of a hill, in the western slopes of Mount Subasio, Assisi It was the first Umbrian settlement and then a Roman city at the time of the Social War (90 BC
The ancient city was enclosed within a long boundary wall around 2500 m, which are preserved large tracts, and a monumental gate of the five original.
The town was laid out on a series of large terraces supported by powerful retaining walls, which were giving the city a distinctive appearance with steps, also held in the Middle Ages.
The ancient wall became largely insufficient in the thirteenth century, and in 1260 had a first extension to protect churches and convents Saint Francis and of Santa Chiara, Raised on the opposite slopes of the hill.
The development of suburban towns to meet a considerable population growth resulted in 1295 in the foundation of a new circle, 4619 m long, on which there were 8 doors.
In 1316 the City provvedeva to purchase and divided into building lots empty land within the walls, but a few years later, in 1322, Assisi was defeated in battle by rival Perugia, who tore down the city gates.
The urban expansion also suffered an abrupt halt to the significant decrease of the population following the Black Death of the 1348.
In 1354 the city was annexed to the domains State of the Church from the Cardinal Legate Egidio Albornoz, who made rebuild the gates under his coat of arms and that of Pope Urban V.
The city offers at first glance in all its richness and its charm.
To be seen:
- The two basilicas, Lower and Upper (XIII sec.).
The Lower Basilica, a monumental crypt intended to the pilgrims and the veneration of the relics of St. Francis, is in Lombard Romanesque style with a single nave and a large transept.
Above this first major religious building, it was built a new one in the Gothic style:
The Upper Basilica intended for official meetings and can accommodate, on the throne reserved for him, even the Pope.
The cathedrals are connected via a staircase located in the left transept.
The Upper Basilica is frescoed with pictorial cycles by Cimabue and Giotto.
Following the disastrous earthquake of 1997 was accomplished a colossal work of restoration and repair.
- Church of Santa Maria Maggiore, existing at the time of St. Francis and to 1035 Cathedral of Assisi.
- Basilica di Santa Chiara finished in 1260 when he was transferred from San Damiano the body of Santa.
- New Church, erected in 1615 on the place where you thought was the family home of Saint Francis.
- Cathedral of San Ruffino, which is located in the homonymous square, built on an ancient Roman terrace and designed in Umbrian Romanesque in 1135 architect Giovanni da Gubbio.
- Mount Subasio Park which completely covers the area of the mountain and the city of Assisi.
Rich in Franciscan memories, hermitages, refuges where the confreres of the Poverello of Assisi took refuge in prayer (Hermitage of the Prisons), is considered the Saint Francis Park.
- The square of the City: is the 'secular square' of Assisi.
Here you can see the Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo (XIII sec.), The Palazzo dei Priori (built between 1275 and 1493, now the Town Hall), the thirteenth-century tower of the People and the front of the Temple of Minerva (construction dating at the end of the Roman Republic) and converted into the 1539 in the church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva.
Hamlet Santa Maria degli Angeli:
Small neighboring industrial center in Assisi, the pilgrimage site because of the Portiuncula chapel where St. Francis founded the Franciscan Order in 1209.
In this place, where the saint stayed several times and died in October 1226, the faithful go to get the indulgence (forgiveness).
- Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli.
Imposing Renaissance construction, which protects and includes the ancient country chapel of the Portiuncula.
Designed by the architect Galeazzo Alessi in 1569, also houses the Chapel of the Transit, the old infirmary cell where St. Francis died; as well as a wide collection of Umbrian painting of the sixteenth and seventeenth century, and the 'rose garden', a small plot planted with roses without thorns tied to a legend of the saint's life.
Assisi is easily accessible:
- by motorway (from Bologna and A14 A1, from Florence and Rome A1, from Bari A14)
- the international airports of Perugia (12 km), Rome (Rome-Perugia connection in connection with international flights. 3 flights per day on days 7 7)
- by rail (Assisi Station Foligno high-speed 12 km)
The Italian text is taken from:
- Umbria Routes (Regional Tourism Promotion Agency)
- Brother Francis of Assisi at the time