Palermo (Sicily) is a partially mountainous coastal town of 673.735 inhabitants, located 14 meters above sea level in the homonymous province, its territory covers an area of 158,90 sq km.
Palermo (Palermu in Sicilian) is a common Italian capital of the province of Palermo and the Sicilian Region.
It is the fifth Italian city by population after Rome, Milan, Naples and Turin and thirty-first at European level, as well as the main urban center of Sicily and Italy island.
Extended along the homonymous gulf in the Tyrrhenian Sea, and lies on the plain of Conca d'Oro, so called because the typical colors of citrus fruit that once dominated the landscape, it is completely surrounded by a natural wall: the mountains of Palermo.
The urban fabric is divided by the Oreto river flowing in its namesake valley.
Two other rivers, the Kemonia and Papireto, run today in the basement of the city after being buried over the centuries.
Established as a city-port by the Phoenicians around 734 BC, has always been a cultural and commercial hub between the West and Asia, therefore, a strategic place of transit at the center of the Mediterranean.
It has a long history that has given a remarkable artistic and architectural heritage that ranges from the remains of the Punic walls to reach the Art Nouveau villas, passing from residences in Arab-Norman style, the baroque churches and neoclassical theaters.
For cultural, artistic and economic was among the largest cities in the Mediterranean and today is among the major tourist destinations in the Italian south and among the major destinations for cruises.
With the name of Balarm was the seat of the emirs Kalbiti during the Emirate of Sicily.
It was the capital, with some significant failures, from the 1130 1816, the Kingdom of Sicily, once again only in the capital of 1817 years and then second-largest city of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies until the 1861.
It is the seat of the Regional Assembly, one of the oldest parliaments in the world still in operation today, the University and the main regional archdiocese.
The urban development of Palermo has been hit much of the various dominations that have occurred over the centuries now presenting a wide variety of environments and views that make the city center as a place of its own compared to the so-called New Palermo, uncontrolled expansion fruit the 1962.
A city where various architectural structures are found, and also the appearance of road networks can occur in diverse way.
You go from being able to admire the wide avenues end of the nineteenth century similar to the Champs-Élysées in Paris the most famous Liberty Avenue, the old and narrow streets that look a bit 'the most picturesque corner of Tunis.
So a city that shows an urban structure that reveals all its rulers.
The shape of the first core of the city resembles a foot and, therefore, is often referred to Palermo Foot Phoenician.