Raula, Raila, Classroom, Avula
Avola (Sicily) is a coastal municipality of 31.576 inhabitants, located at 40 meters above sea level Province of Syracuse, Its territory covers an area of 74,30 sq. km.
Avola is a town in the province of Siracusa in Sicily.
A hexagonal, overlooking the Ionian coast of Sicily in the Eastern Gulf of Noto.
Ancient and Medieval History
According to some, the origin of the city dates back to the Hybla greater Hybla Major, located near the south-eastern coast of Sicily.
The area previously inhabited by the Sicani, was invaded by the Sicilians and became the scene of struggles for dominance in the region.
The term Hybla is not greek but pre-Hellenic, probably Sicanian, and is the name of a goddess worshiped by both populations (later identified with the Greek Aphrodite).
The Sicilians fought the Indians and settled permanently in the territory at the turn of the thirteenth and twelfth centuries BC
The era of the Sicilians is testified by numerous finds, especially pottery and dishes, found in some graves in what is now the Natural Reserve Cavagrande Cassibile.
Later, the Greeks colonized the area in the mid-eighth century BC finding a civilization already affected and raffinatasi in contact with the Phoenicians.
During the Peloponnesian War, the area was ruled by the tyrant Dionysius I of Syracuse.
In the third century BC, as a result of the First Punic War, the Carthaginian domination greek-passed to the Romans who formed the province of Sicily (227 BC), while leaving ample autonomy in Syracuse and all the possessions of this city in the southeastern part of 'island, including also the area of Hybla Major.
The abolition of state institutions Syracuse during the Second Punic War, saw the Roman military occupation of the whole south-eastern Sicily around the middle of the last decade of the third century BC (the final since the fall of Syracuse in 212 BC).
With the Roman domination lasted until about 450, all the territory lost its former glory.
Following the devastation and looting carried out by the Vandals who occupied the whole of Sicily around the middle of the fifth century, it was erased even the memory of Hybla majors and the area turned into a deserted wasteland.
This situation continued during the rule of the Ostrogoths (V-VI century) and Byzantine (VI-IX century).
In the Arab era (IX-XI centuries) the territory was progressively recovering, but a modest village, on the site of the old Avola, was born probably only during the Norman domination or Swabian (XI-XIII centuries).
Modern and Contemporary History
In the later Middle Ages, under the Aragonese, there was a certain demographic and economic revival of the country which intensified during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
On the eve of the great upheavals of the telluric 1693, Avola, still perched on the hills ible, which are located behind the present village, had to have a population of not less than six thousand inhabitants.
But in that year, and exactly the 9 11 and January, a violent earthquake, which destroyed the town and many other towns in eastern Sicily (also including Syracuse and Catania), forced the surviving population to move in the large coast below, eight miles away, and to re-establish Avola in the place where before there was only a vast and deserted plain overlooking the sea, so that Avola from a mountain village, was transformed (by the earthquake) in a flat town Maritime.
Reconstruction work began in the years immediately after the cataclysm at the behest of Prince Nicolò Pignatelli Aragona, who entrusted the design of the new town to his father Angelo Italy, known Sicilian architect belonging to the order of the Jesuits.
The city was built at the plant centric and according to a rational and geometric structure that gave that noble aspect that still characterizes it.
During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries Avola was embellished with some valuable civil construction (Doge's Palace, City Palace, Teatro Comunale, etc..) And religious (church of Saint Anthony, Saint Anthony of Padua and the magnificent Cathedral Church).
In the first decades of the twentieth century were built also some elegant Art Nouveau villas that gave and continue to give additional luster to the city center.
Facts of Avola
The 2 1968 December, due to a wave of strikes, organized by province and farm workers of Avola for the elimination of "illegal hiring," and the establishment of the Commission for the Control of Auditors for the Placement of labor, was implemented by the agricultural workers a road block (the block was performed on the SS 115 that allowed both then and today the entry and exit of Avola) that provoked the intervention of the police.
The police ordered the protesters to clear the road but they refused an uprising.
The police began to shoot at eye level so that killed two people and wounded forty-eight, including five seriously.
This revolt (on the one hand the police armed with rifles and pistols, other protesters with stones that were detached from the walls at the edge of the road) impossibilitò little time for the transit of the road being completely filled by large stones.
After this negotiation was quickly ended, albeit at the cost of human lives.
The tragic events of those days did spark some student and worker revolts resulted in the following weeks on the whole national territory, as part of the mass movements of the '68.
The country's economy is mainly linked to agricultural products and to crops, marginal fishing.
Renowned pastry is linked to the cultivation in areas adjacent to the city of Noto of a particular variety of almond, the Pizzuta d'Avola.
Bleak named the famous wine, Nero d'Avola, whose origin is linked to the vines of the town, and although today is mainly produced in other places, it makes Avola famous all over the world.
Italian text is taken from:
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