Turin (Piedmont - Italy)
Turin is a town of 886.837 inhabitants, located 239 meters above sea level in the homonymous province, its territory covers an area of 130,20 sq km.
Turin It is an Italian town, the capital of the metropolitan city and Piedmont region.
The metropolitan city is the largest in Italy and coincides geographically with the former province of Turin.
Turin It is the fourth Italian city by population and is the third complex economic productivity of the country.
City by the two thousand year history, probably founded as "Taurasia" near the current position around the third century BC by Taurini, Celtic-Ligurian population of Northern Italy, and became a Roman colony by Augustus under the name of "Iulia Augusta Taurinorum" in the century BC.
It was during the Middle Ages the center of an important Lombard duchy (Duchy of Turin) and then passed under the rule of the Savoy rated in the eleventh century, after becoming the seat of Carolingian "Brand of Turin."
Later it became a free commune, undergoing various rules, until the 1280 not finally became part of the "County of Savoy" and before the "Duchy of Savoy" then.
The duchy was named capital in 1563.
By 1720 was the capital of the "Kingdom of Sardinia" (even if only de facto, to the perfect fusion of 1847, when he also became formally), state that will bring in the nineteenth century the "Italian Unification" and that will make the city "first capital the Kingdom of Italy "(from the 1861 1865).
It is now a major university centers, arts, tourism, culture and science of the Republic.
Defined by Le Corbusier as "... the city with the world's most beautiful natural position", celebrated by numerous historical figures, including Friedrich Nietzsche, Mark Twain, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who described his view from the hill of Superga as "... the most beautiful sight that can strike the human eye," is one of the most important baroque cities in Europe and is considered, along with Milan and Palermo, the Italian capital of Art Nouveau, which are great example, among other things, its many famous and historic cafes, flowering particularly in the Risorgimento and the Belle Époque.
Important center of anti-fascist during the Fascist period (1922-1943), has been home, native or adoptive, of some of the greatest Italian writers and writers of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, including Edmondo de Amicis, Emilio Salgari, Italo Calvino, Natalia Ginzburg, Norberto Bobbio, Cesare Pavese, Primo Levi, Umberto Eco.
Headquarters in 2006 of "XX Olympic Winter Games", the birthplace of some of the major symbols of Made in Italy in the world, such as the Martini, the gianduja chocolate and espresso, it is the hub of the Italian automotive and important center, the banking system, the cinema, and food, aerospace, industrial design and sport.
La City of Turin rises in the plain bounded by the rivers Stura di Lanzo, Sangone and Po (the latter through the city from south to north), opposite the mouth of certain Alpine valleys: Val di Susa, which connects the city with France, Valleys Lanzo, Sangone.
Turin is called "the city of four rivers" because the Dora Riparia flows close to its historic center, plowing through the center of the plain bounded by three rivers.
The Po river accentuates the division between the hill and that, practically flat, the city, located between the 220 and 280 meters above sea level, which descends from west to east.
The highest point of the municipality is located on the "Colle della Maddalena", in 715 m above sea level, near the "Faro della Vittoria".
In clear winter days, impressive is the view of the walls created by the nearby Alps, wich surround the northwest part of the city with their snowy peaks.
Is 57 km from Asti, 79 km from Vercelli, 84 km from Biella, 93 km from Alexandria, 96 km from Novara, 98 km from Cuneo, 155 km from Verbania.
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