Cassino (Lazio) is a partially mountainous municipality of 36.460 inhabitants, located at 40 meters above sea level Province of Frosinone, Its territory covers an area of 82,80 sq. km.
Cassino It is a town the province of Frosinone in Latium.
Second city of the province by population, was for centuries the administrative center of San Benedetto Earth.
It lies at the foot of the hill on which stands the famous Abbey of Montecassino, In a historically strategic place for communications between the center and the south of Italy.
Almost totally destroyed by the bombings of World War II, and therefore also known as the "City Martyr", it was rebuilt after the war.
There is established the "University of Cassino."
The city of Cassino is located in the southern part of Lazio, in the northern part of the historical region of "Terra di Lavoro."
The center is located at the base of the hill called Montecassino, which rises up to 520 m asl, which detaches from the Monte Cairo, The plain enclosed by Liri and Rapido rivers.
The hill is made up of compact geological material, which does not retain the atmospheric water, which then flows largely in the valley, giving rise to the Gari river springs running through the city and, after about a kilometer, near the so-called Terme varroniane, Joins the Rapido.
Not far from the city center, in the village of Sant'Apollinare in locations Seams on Gari is poured into the Liri which becomes the Garigliano river; due to this abundance of waters, in the plain in the past were swampy areas.
Remarkable is the importance of location: Cassino is located in the place where it narrows the valley of the Liri, well connected to the "Gulf of Gaeta" and the "Parco Nazionale d'Abruzzo", always crossed by important roads linking Rome to Naples and the rest of South Italy.
The huge losses suffered by the armies involved in the Cassino battles brought the war to the realization of three war cemeteries the municipal area: a Polish cemetery, an Cemetery Commonwealth, And a German cemetery.
The reconstruction of Cassino was an extremely difficult period, which lasted virtually until the sixties; He developed a malaria epidemic, but there was also great solidarity from the rest of Italy: the children were housed at length by Northern families and there were many donations.
Cassino earned the nickname "City Martyr" for peace and gold medal for military valor.
The city reconstruction plan was approved in 1946 and realized by Giuseppe Nicolosi, in collaboration with the architects Concezio Petrucci and Antonio Gatti.
From the reconstruction they were created the foundations for the transformation of the production system that, in the years' 70, from a largely agricultural industry and then became the service sector.
Crucial for the revival of Cassino was the establishment, in 1955, the "People's Bank of Cassinate" desired by the Mayor of Cassino Pier Carlo Restagno.
Restagno had sensed the desire for rebirth that animated the city of Cassino and had imagined that a People's Bank, administered and managed by local people, could be a valuable contribution to the reconstruction and could really liven up the recovery of the first craft initiatives, commercial and business.
Another element was the driving force in the creation 1962 of the motorway Rome-Naples.
With these premises were realized in the coming years, major industrial plants, such as the establishment of SKF and that of Fiat with its supply chain, which changed the social and economic fabric of the Cassino area.
To this must be added, in addition, the creation of the University of Cassino in 1979.
Meanwhile, it was also rebuilt the Abbey, consecrated by Pope Paul VI on October 30 1964.
The pontiff was not the last to visit the city.
John Paul II went there in fact twice: the first on May 18 1979 to pray at the tomb of St. Benedict and St. Scholastica and to visit the Polish military memorial; the second time the following year, the 20 September 1980, for a pastoral visit to Cassino and Montecassino.
The 24 May 2009 was finally the turn of Benedict XVI.
Moreover, from the 80 the initiatives started again to make Cassino become the capital of a new province.
The historical roots of the town Cassino consisting of a deep bond between the city and the ancient "Terra di Lavoro", in fact, have led over the years to strongly counter the widespread, but erroneous equation "Ciociaria = Province of Frosinone", as well as the 'ethnic and folkloric units of the province frusinate imposed by the fascist propaganda in the twenties. The establishment of a "Province of Cassino" must, therefore, give its own identity to the people of the Middle and Lower Valley of the Liri-Garigliano, different from the historical and cultural roots of the territories of the Ciociaria.
Between the 1956 and 2006 we were presented ten draft laws.
Set aside the dreams of independence from the capital, Cassino today is a developed industrial and commercial center, however, marked by the cyclical crisis in the automobile market that adversely affect the city's economy.
The Italian text is taken from: