Amalfi (Campania - Italy)
Amalfi Coast tourist area
Amalfi is a completely mountainous coastal municipality of 5.088 inhabitants, located at 6 meters above sea level Province of Salerno, Its territory covers an area of 5,70 sq. km.
The main center and the historical core of the "Coast" is Amalfi.
In the serene sky and the sea, Amalfi, watched from the port, seems held in the palm of one hand.
On top the scenery of the mountains, articulated as a backdrop, dotted with houses; Below, a picturesque web of alleys and stairs, up to the big square where the famous steps from the Duomo dominates majestic.
A unique scene, where historic memory intertwines with unforgettable natural beauty.
Suspended between the Lattari Mountains and the sea, the picturesque alleys of Amalfi today host a large number of tourists, but once they have experienced the splendor of the powerful "Maritime Republic" which had its moment of maximum splendor between the X and the XII century, and he could hold off the Lombards and Saracens.
Rich and populated Amalfi enjoyed lively contact with the East.
In memory of power every four years in June, Amalfi holds the "Regatta of the Ancient Maritime Republics Historical."
The town of Amalfi, clinging to the slope of the "Coast", is characterized by the famous Duomo (ninth century).
Its scenic location, at the top of a steep flight of steps which opens among the houses gathered around a small square, gives a special note to the center of Amalfi.
It affects the church's impressive polychrome facade, illuminated by enamels and mosaics and a golden ear drum.
Traces of the Middle Ages can be found in the elegant "Cloister of Paradise" with its arabesque lines.
The cloister leads to the "Chapel of the Crucifix", in which the "Diocesan Museum" was set up.
In the chapel is the entrance to the crypt dating back to the '200.
The architectural complex is one of the major examples of Romanesque Amalfi.
An exploration of Amalfi who wants to go beyond the best-known places will include "Ancient Arsenal", where the famous galleys with more than a hundred oars, destined to commerce with the eastern markets were built.
A Palazzo Morelli, the town hall and the "Museo Civico", houses the "Tabula Amalphitana", the first code of maritime law established at the time of the Republic, valid throughout the Mediterranean.
Here you can also admire the famous cartoons of Domenico Morelli, a painter of the most famous nell'800, from which were derived the mosaics that adorn the Cathedral.
Amalfi is also famous as the home of the workmanship of handmade paper.
The first paper mills were built along the "Valle dei Mulini", where the "Paper Museum".
This area, crossed by the River Canneto, and the nearby "Valle delle Ferriere", an enchanting natural environment, constitute a "Biogenetic Nature Reserve".
The climb from Amalfi is challenging but fascinating.
They will discover the remains of mills that brought the water to the paper, and a nature that hides secret charms, springs and waterfalls, views of the sea between the lush Mediterranean vegetation.